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font-thumbnailer.c

/* -*- mode: C; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 * fontilus - a collection of font utilities for GNOME
 * Copyright (C) 2002-2003  James Henstridge <james@daa.com.au>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#  include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <locale.h>

#include <ft2build.h>
#include FT_FREETYPE_H

#include <gdk-pixbuf/gdk-pixbuf.h>

#include <gio/gio.h>
#include <glib/gi18n.h>

#include "totem-resources.h"

static const gchar *
get_ft_error(FT_Error error)
{
#undef __FTERRORS_H__
#define FT_ERRORDEF(e,v,s) case e: return s;
#define FT_ERROR_START_LIST
#define FT_ERROR_END_LIST
    switch (error) {
#include FT_ERRORS_H
    default:
      return "unknown";
    }
}

#define FONT_SIZE 64
#define PAD_PIXELS 4

FT_Error FT_New_Face_From_URI(FT_Library library,
                        const gchar *uri,
                        FT_Long face_index,
                        FT_Face *aface);

static void
draw_bitmap(GdkPixbuf *pixbuf, FT_Bitmap *bitmap, gint off_x, gint off_y)
{
    guchar *buffer;
    gint p_width, p_height, p_rowstride;
    gint i, j;

    buffer      = gdk_pixbuf_get_pixels(pixbuf);
    p_width     = gdk_pixbuf_get_width(pixbuf);
    p_height    = gdk_pixbuf_get_height(pixbuf);
    p_rowstride = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride(pixbuf);

    for (j = 0; j < bitmap->rows; j++) {
      if (j + off_y < 0 || j + off_y >= p_height)
          continue;
      for (i = 0; i < bitmap->width; i++) {
          guchar pixel;
          gint pos;

          if (i + off_x < 0 || i + off_x >= p_width)
            continue;
          switch (bitmap->pixel_mode) {
          case ft_pixel_mode_mono:
            pixel = bitmap->buffer[j * bitmap->pitch + i/8];
            pixel = 255 - ((pixel >> (7 - i % 8)) & 0x1) * 255;
            break;
          case ft_pixel_mode_grays:
            pixel = 255 - bitmap->buffer[j*bitmap->pitch + i];
            break;
          default:
            pixel = 255;
          }
          pos = (j + off_y) * p_rowstride + 3 * (i + off_x);
          buffer[pos]   = pixel;
          buffer[pos+1] = pixel;
          buffer[pos+2] = pixel;
      }
    }
}

static void
draw_char(GdkPixbuf *pixbuf, FT_Face face, FT_UInt glyph_index,
        gint *pen_x, gint *pen_y)
{
    FT_Error error;
    FT_GlyphSlot slot;

    slot = face->glyph;

    error = FT_Load_Glyph(face, glyph_index, FT_LOAD_DEFAULT);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not load glyph index '%ud': %s\n", glyph_index,
               get_ft_error(error));
      return;
    }

    error = FT_Render_Glyph(slot, ft_render_mode_normal);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not render glyph index '%ud': %s\n", glyph_index,
               get_ft_error(error));
      return;
    }

    draw_bitmap(pixbuf, &slot->bitmap,
            *pen_x + slot->bitmap_left,
            *pen_y - slot->bitmap_top);

    *pen_x += slot->advance.x >> 6;
}

static void
save_pixbuf(GdkPixbuf *pixbuf, gchar *filename)
{
    guchar *buffer;
    gint p_width, p_height, p_rowstride;
    gint i, j;
    gint trim_left, trim_right, trim_top, trim_bottom;
    GdkPixbuf *subpixbuf;

    buffer      = gdk_pixbuf_get_pixels(pixbuf);
    p_width     = gdk_pixbuf_get_width(pixbuf);
    p_height    = gdk_pixbuf_get_height(pixbuf);
    p_rowstride = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride(pixbuf);

    for (i = 0; i < p_width; i++) {
      gboolean seen_pixel = FALSE;

      for (j = 0; j < p_height; j++) {
          gint offset = j * p_rowstride + 3*i;

          seen_pixel = (buffer[offset]   != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+1] != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+2] != 0xff);
          if (seen_pixel)
            break;
      }
      if (seen_pixel)
          break;
    }
    trim_left = MIN(p_width, i);
    trim_left = MAX(trim_left - PAD_PIXELS, 0);

    for (i = p_width-1; i >= trim_left; i--) {
      gboolean seen_pixel = FALSE;

      for (j = 0; j < p_height; j++) {
          gint offset = j * p_rowstride + 3*i;

          seen_pixel = (buffer[offset]   != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+1] != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+2] != 0xff);
          if (seen_pixel)
            break;
      }
      if (seen_pixel)
          break;
    }
    trim_right = MAX(trim_left, i);
    trim_right = MIN(trim_right + PAD_PIXELS, p_width-1);

    for (j = 0; j < p_height; j++) {
      gboolean seen_pixel = FALSE;

      for (i = 0; i < p_width; i++) {
          gint offset = j * p_rowstride + 3*i;

          seen_pixel = (buffer[offset]   != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+1] != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+2] != 0xff);
          if (seen_pixel)
            break;
      }
      if (seen_pixel)
          break;
    }
    trim_top = MIN(p_height, j);
    trim_top = MAX(trim_top - PAD_PIXELS, 0);

    for (j = p_height-1; j >= trim_top; j--) {
      gboolean seen_pixel = FALSE;

      for (i = 0; i < p_width; i++) {
          gint offset = j * p_rowstride + 3*i;

          seen_pixel = (buffer[offset]   != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+1] != 0xff ||
                    buffer[offset+2] != 0xff);
          if (seen_pixel)
            break;
      }
      if (seen_pixel)
          break;
    }
    trim_bottom = MAX(trim_top, j);
    trim_bottom = MIN(trim_bottom + PAD_PIXELS, p_height-1);

    subpixbuf = gdk_pixbuf_new_subpixbuf(pixbuf, trim_left, trim_top,
                               trim_right - trim_left,
                               trim_bottom - trim_top);
    gdk_pixbuf_save(subpixbuf, filename, "png", NULL, NULL);
    g_object_unref(subpixbuf);
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    FT_Error error;
    FT_Library library;
    FT_Face face;
    FT_UInt glyph_index1, glyph_index2;
    GFile *file;
    gchar *uri;
    GdkPixbuf *pixbuf;
    guchar *buffer;
    gint i, len, pen_x, pen_y;
    gunichar *thumbstr = NULL;
    glong thumbstr_len = 2;
    gint font_size = FONT_SIZE;
    gchar *thumbstr_utf8 = NULL;
    gchar **arguments = NULL;
    GOptionContext *context;
    GError *gerror = NULL;
    gboolean retval, default_thumbstr = TRUE;
    gint rv = 1;
    const GOptionEntry options[] = {
          { "text", 't', 0, G_OPTION_ARG_STRING, &thumbstr_utf8,
            N_("Text to thumbnail (default: Aa)"), N_("TEXT") },
          { "size", 's', 0, G_OPTION_ARG_INT, &font_size,
            N_("Font size (default: 64)"), N_("SIZE") },
          { G_OPTION_REMAINING, 0, 0, G_OPTION_ARG_FILENAME_ARRAY, &arguments,
            NULL, N_("FONT-FILE OUTPUT-FILE") },
          { NULL }
    };

    bindtextdomain (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, GNOMELOCALEDIR);
    bind_textdomain_codeset (GETTEXT_PACKAGE, "UTF-8");
    textdomain (GETTEXT_PACKAGE);

    setlocale (LC_ALL, "");

    g_type_init ();
    g_thread_init (NULL);

    context = g_option_context_new (NULL);
    g_option_context_add_main_entries (context, options, GETTEXT_PACKAGE);

    retval = g_option_context_parse (context, &argc, &argv, &gerror);
    g_option_context_free (context);
    if (!retval) {
      g_printerr (_("Error parsing arguments: %s\n"), gerror->message);
      g_error_free (gerror);
        return 1;
    }

    if (!arguments || g_strv_length (arguments) != 2) {
      /* FIXME: once glib bug 336089 is fixed, use print_help here instead! */
      g_printerr("usage: %s [--text TEXT] [--size SIZE] FONT-FILE OUTPUT-FILE\n", argv[0]);
      goto out;
    }

    if (thumbstr_utf8 != NULL) {
      /* build ucs4 version of string to thumbnail */
      gerror = NULL;
      thumbstr = g_utf8_to_ucs4 (thumbstr_utf8, strlen (thumbstr_utf8),
                           NULL, &thumbstr_len, &gerror);
      default_thumbstr = FALSE;

      /* Not sure this can really happen... */
      if (gerror != NULL) {
            g_printerr("Failed to convert: %s\n", gerror->message);
            g_error_free (gerror);
            goto out;
      }
    }

    error = FT_Init_FreeType(&library);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not initialise freetype: %s\n", get_ft_error(error));
      goto out;
    }

    totem_resources_monitor_start (arguments[0], 30 * G_USEC_PER_SEC);

    file = g_file_new_for_commandline_arg (arguments[0]);
    uri = g_file_get_uri (file);
    g_object_unref (file);

    error = FT_New_Face_From_URI(library, uri, 0, &face);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not load face '%s': %s\n", uri,
               get_ft_error(error));
        g_free (uri);
      goto out;
    }

    g_free (uri);

    error = FT_Set_Pixel_Sizes(face, 0, font_size);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not set pixel size: %s\n", get_ft_error(error));
      /* goto out; */
    }

    for (i = 0; i < face->num_charmaps; i++) {
      if (face->charmaps[i]->encoding == ft_encoding_latin_1 ||
          face->charmaps[i]->encoding == ft_encoding_unicode ||
          face->charmaps[i]->encoding == ft_encoding_apple_roman) {
          error = FT_Set_Charmap(face, face->charmaps[i]);
          if (error) {
            g_printerr("could not set charmap: %s\n", get_ft_error(error));
            /* goto out; */
          }
          break;
      }
    }

    pixbuf = gdk_pixbuf_new(GDK_COLORSPACE_RGB, FALSE, 8,
                      font_size*3*thumbstr_len/2, font_size*1.5);
    if (!pixbuf) {
      g_printerr("could not create pixbuf\n");
      goto out;
    }
    buffer = gdk_pixbuf_get_pixels(pixbuf);
    len = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride(pixbuf) * gdk_pixbuf_get_height(pixbuf);
    for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
      buffer[i] = 255;

    pen_x = font_size/2;
    pen_y = font_size;

    if (default_thumbstr) {
      glyph_index1 = FT_Get_Char_Index (face, 'A');
      glyph_index2 = FT_Get_Char_Index (face, 'a');

      /* if the glyphs for those letters don't exist, pick some other
      * glyphs. */
      if (glyph_index1 == 0) glyph_index1 = MIN (65, face->num_glyphs-1);
      if (glyph_index2 == 0) glyph_index2 = MIN (97, face->num_glyphs-1);

      draw_char(pixbuf, face, glyph_index1, &pen_x, &pen_y);
      draw_char(pixbuf, face, glyph_index2, &pen_x, &pen_y);
    }
    else {
      gunichar *p = thumbstr;
      FT_Select_Charmap (face, FT_ENCODING_UNICODE);
      i = 0;
      while (i < thumbstr_len) {
          glyph_index1 = FT_Get_Char_Index (face, *p);
          draw_char(pixbuf, face, glyph_index1, &pen_x, &pen_y);
          i++;
          p++;
      }
    }
    save_pixbuf(pixbuf, arguments[1]);
    g_object_unref(pixbuf);

    totem_resources_monitor_stop ();

    /* freeing the face causes a crash I haven't tracked down yet */
    error = FT_Done_Face(face);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not unload face: %s\n", get_ft_error(error));
      goto out;
    }
    error = FT_Done_FreeType(library);
    if (error) {
      g_printerr("could not finalise freetype library: %s\n",
               get_ft_error(error));
      goto out;
    }

    rv = 0; /* success */

  out:

    g_strfreev (arguments);
    g_free (thumbstr);
    g_free (thumbstr_utf8);

    return rv;
}

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