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eggaccelerators.c

/* eggaccelerators.c
 * Copyright (C) 2002  Red Hat, Inc.; Copyright 1998, 2001 Tim Janik
 * Developed by Havoc Pennington, Tim Janik
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Library General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */

#include "eggaccelerators.h"

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <gdk/gdkx.h>
#include <gdk/gdkkeysyms.h>
#include <gtk/gtk.h>

enum
{
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_SHIFT   = 0,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LOCK    = 1,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_CONTROL = 2,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD1    = 3,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD2    = 4,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD3    = 5,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD4    = 6,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD5    = 7,
  EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LAST    = 8
};

#define MODMAP_ENTRY_TO_MODIFIER(x) (1 << (x))

00044 typedef struct
{
  EggVirtualModifierType mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LAST];

} EggModmap;

const EggModmap* egg_keymap_get_modmap (GdkKeymap *keymap);

static inline gboolean
is_alt (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'a' || string[1] == 'A') &&
        (string[2] == 'l' || string[2] == 'L') &&
        (string[3] == 't' || string[3] == 'T') &&
        (string[4] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_ctl (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'c' || string[1] == 'C') &&
        (string[2] == 't' || string[2] == 'T') &&
        (string[3] == 'l' || string[3] == 'L') &&
        (string[4] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_modx (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'm' || string[1] == 'M') &&
        (string[2] == 'o' || string[2] == 'O') &&
        (string[3] == 'd' || string[3] == 'D') &&
        (string[4] >= '1' && string[4] <= '5') &&
        (string[5] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_ctrl (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'c' || string[1] == 'C') &&
        (string[2] == 't' || string[2] == 'T') &&
        (string[3] == 'r' || string[3] == 'R') &&
        (string[4] == 'l' || string[4] == 'L') &&
        (string[5] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_shft (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 's' || string[1] == 'S') &&
        (string[2] == 'h' || string[2] == 'H') &&
        (string[3] == 'f' || string[3] == 'F') &&
        (string[4] == 't' || string[4] == 'T') &&
        (string[5] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_shift (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 's' || string[1] == 'S') &&
        (string[2] == 'h' || string[2] == 'H') &&
        (string[3] == 'i' || string[3] == 'I') &&
        (string[4] == 'f' || string[4] == 'F') &&
        (string[5] == 't' || string[5] == 'T') &&
        (string[6] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_control (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'c' || string[1] == 'C') &&
        (string[2] == 'o' || string[2] == 'O') &&
        (string[3] == 'n' || string[3] == 'N') &&
        (string[4] == 't' || string[4] == 'T') &&
        (string[5] == 'r' || string[5] == 'R') &&
        (string[6] == 'o' || string[6] == 'O') &&
        (string[7] == 'l' || string[7] == 'L') &&
        (string[8] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_release (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'r' || string[1] == 'R') &&
        (string[2] == 'e' || string[2] == 'E') &&
        (string[3] == 'l' || string[3] == 'L') &&
        (string[4] == 'e' || string[4] == 'E') &&
        (string[5] == 'a' || string[5] == 'A') &&
        (string[6] == 's' || string[6] == 'S') &&
        (string[7] == 'e' || string[7] == 'E') &&
        (string[8] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_meta (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'm' || string[1] == 'M') &&
        (string[2] == 'e' || string[2] == 'E') &&
        (string[3] == 't' || string[3] == 'T') &&
        (string[4] == 'a' || string[4] == 'A') &&
        (string[5] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_super (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 's' || string[1] == 'S') &&
        (string[2] == 'u' || string[2] == 'U') &&
        (string[3] == 'p' || string[3] == 'P') &&
        (string[4] == 'e' || string[4] == 'E') &&
        (string[5] == 'r' || string[5] == 'R') &&
        (string[6] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_hyper (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '<') &&
        (string[1] == 'h' || string[1] == 'H') &&
        (string[2] == 'y' || string[2] == 'Y') &&
        (string[3] == 'p' || string[3] == 'P') &&
        (string[4] == 'e' || string[4] == 'E') &&
        (string[5] == 'r' || string[5] == 'R') &&
        (string[6] == '>'));
}

static inline gboolean
is_keycode (const gchar *string)
{
  return ((string[0] == '0') &&
        (string[1] == 'x'));
}

/**
 * egg_accelerator_parse_virtual:
 * @accelerator:      string representing an accelerator
 * @accelerator_key:  return location for accelerator keyval
 * @accelerator_mods: return location for accelerator modifier mask
 *
 * Parses a string representing a virtual accelerator. The format
 * looks like "&lt;Control&gt;a" or "&lt;Shift&gt;&lt;Alt&gt;F1" or
 * "&lt;Release&gt;z" (the last one is for key release).  The parser
 * is fairly liberal and allows lower or upper case, and also
 * abbreviations such as "&lt;Ctl&gt;" and "&lt;Ctrl&gt;".
 *
 * If the parse fails, @accelerator_key and @accelerator_mods will
 * be set to 0 (zero) and %FALSE will be returned. If the string contains
 * only modifiers, @accelerator_key will be set to 0 but %TRUE will be
 * returned.
 *
 * The virtual vs. concrete accelerator distinction is a relic of
 * how the X Window System works; there are modifiers Mod2-Mod5 that
 * can represent various keyboard keys (numlock, meta, hyper, etc.),
 * the virtual modifier represents the keyboard key, the concrete
 * modifier the actual Mod2-Mod5 bits in the key press event.
 *
 * Returns: %TRUE on success.
 */
gboolean
egg_accelerator_parse_virtual (const gchar            *accelerator,
                               guint                  *accelerator_key,
                         guint                  *keycode,
                               EggVirtualModifierType *accelerator_mods)
{
  guint keyval;
  GdkModifierType mods;
  gint len;
  gboolean bad_keyval;

  if (accelerator_key)
    *accelerator_key = 0;
  if (accelerator_mods)
    *accelerator_mods = 0;
  if (keycode)
    *keycode = 0;

  g_return_val_if_fail (accelerator != NULL, FALSE);

  bad_keyval = FALSE;

  keyval = 0;
  mods = 0;
  len = strlen (accelerator);
  while (len)
    {
      if (*accelerator == '<')
      {
        if (len >= 9 && is_release (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 9;
            len -= 9;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_RELEASE_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 9 && is_control (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 9;
            len -= 9;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 7 && is_shift (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 7;
            len -= 7;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SHIFT_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 6 && is_shft (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 6;
            len -= 6;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SHIFT_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 6 && is_ctrl (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 6;
            len -= 6;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 6 && is_modx (accelerator))
          {
            static const guint mod_vals[] = {
            EGG_VIRTUAL_ALT_MASK, EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD2_MASK, EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD3_MASK,
            EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD4_MASK, EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD5_MASK
            };

            len -= 6;
            accelerator += 4;
            mods |= mod_vals[*accelerator - '1'];
            accelerator += 2;
          }
        else if (len >= 5 && is_ctl (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 5;
            len -= 5;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK;
          }
        else if (len >= 5 && is_alt (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 5;
            len -= 5;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_ALT_MASK;
          }
          else if (len >= 6 && is_meta (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 6;
            len -= 6;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_META_MASK;
          }
          else if (len >= 7 && is_hyper (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 7;
            len -= 7;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_HYPER_MASK;
          }
          else if (len >= 7 && is_super (accelerator))
          {
            accelerator += 7;
            len -= 7;
            mods |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SUPER_MASK;
          }
        else
          {
            gchar last_ch;

            last_ch = *accelerator;
            while (last_ch && last_ch != '>')
            {
              last_ch = *accelerator;
              accelerator += 1;
              len -= 1;
            }
          }
      }
      else
      {
          keyval = gdk_keyval_from_name (accelerator);

          if (keyval == 0)
          {
            /* If keyval is 0, then maybe it's a keycode.  Check for 0x## */
            if (len >= 4 && is_keycode (accelerator))
            {
              char keystring[5];
              gchar *endptr;
              gint tmp_keycode;

              memcpy (keystring, accelerator, 4);
              keystring [4] = '\000';

              tmp_keycode = strtol (keystring, &endptr, 16);

              if (endptr == NULL || *endptr != '\000')
                {
                  bad_keyval = TRUE;
                }
              else if (keycode != NULL)
                {
                  *keycode = tmp_keycode;
                  /* 0x00 is an invalid keycode too. */
                  if (*keycode == 0)
                  bad_keyval = TRUE;
                }
            }
          }
        else if (keycode != NULL)
          {
            *keycode = XKeysymToKeycode (GDK_DISPLAY(), keyval);
            if (*keycode == 0)
            bad_keyval = TRUE;
          }

          accelerator += len;
          len -= len;
      }
    }

  if (accelerator_key)
    *accelerator_key = gdk_keyval_to_lower (keyval);
  if (accelerator_mods)
    *accelerator_mods = mods;

  return !bad_keyval;
}

/**
 * egg_virtual_accelerator_name:
 * @accelerator_key:  accelerator keyval
 * @accelerator_mods: accelerator modifier mask
 * @returns:          a newly-allocated accelerator name
 *
 * Converts an accelerator keyval and modifier mask
 * into a string parseable by egg_accelerator_parse_virtual().
 * For example, if you pass in #GDK_q and #EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK,
 * this function returns "&lt;Control&gt;q".
 *
 * The caller of this function must free the returned string.
 */
gchar*
egg_virtual_accelerator_name (guint                  accelerator_key,
                        guint            keycode,
                              EggVirtualModifierType accelerator_mods)
{
  gchar *gtk_name;
  GdkModifierType gdkmods = 0;

  egg_keymap_resolve_virtual_modifiers (NULL, accelerator_mods, &gdkmods);
  gtk_name = gtk_accelerator_name (accelerator_key, gdkmods);

  if (!accelerator_key)
    {
      gchar *name;
      name = g_strdup_printf ("%s0x%02x", gtk_name, keycode);
      g_free (gtk_name);
      return name;
    }

  return gtk_name;
}

/**
 * egg_virtual_accelerator_label:
 * @accelerator_key:  accelerator keyval
 * @accelerator_mods: accelerator modifier mask
 * @returns:          a newly-allocated accelerator label
 *
 * Converts an accelerator keyval and modifier mask
 * into a (possibly translated) string that can be displayed to
 * a user.
 * For example, if you pass in #GDK_q and #EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK,
 * and you use a German locale, this function returns "Strg+Q".
 *
 * The caller of this function must free the returned string.
 */
gchar*
egg_virtual_accelerator_label (guint                  accelerator_key,
                         guint                  keycode,
                         EggVirtualModifierType accelerator_mods)
{
  gchar *gtk_label;
  GdkModifierType gdkmods = 0;

  egg_keymap_resolve_virtual_modifiers (NULL, accelerator_mods, &gdkmods);
  gtk_label = gtk_accelerator_get_label (accelerator_key, gdkmods);

  if (!accelerator_key)
    {
      gchar *label;
      label = g_strdup_printf ("%s0x%02x", gtk_label, keycode);
      g_free (gtk_label);
      return label;
    }

  return gtk_label;
}

void
egg_keymap_resolve_virtual_modifiers (GdkKeymap              *keymap,
                                      EggVirtualModifierType  virtual_mods,
                                      GdkModifierType        *concrete_mods)
{
  GdkModifierType concrete;
  int i;
  const EggModmap *modmap;

  g_return_if_fail (concrete_mods != NULL);
  g_return_if_fail (keymap == NULL || GDK_IS_KEYMAP (keymap));

  modmap = egg_keymap_get_modmap (keymap);

  /* Not so sure about this algorithm. */

  concrete = 0;
  for (i = 0; i < EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LAST; ++i)
    {
      if (modmap->mapping[i] & virtual_mods)
        concrete |= MODMAP_ENTRY_TO_MODIFIER (i);
    }

  *concrete_mods = concrete;
}

void
egg_keymap_virtualize_modifiers (GdkKeymap              *keymap,
                                 GdkModifierType         concrete_mods,
                                 EggVirtualModifierType *virtual_mods)
{
  GdkModifierType virtual;
  int i;
  const EggModmap *modmap;

  g_return_if_fail (virtual_mods != NULL);
  g_return_if_fail (keymap == NULL || GDK_IS_KEYMAP (keymap));

  modmap = egg_keymap_get_modmap (keymap);

  /* Not so sure about this algorithm. */

  virtual = 0;
  for (i = 0; i < EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LAST; ++i)
    {
      if (MODMAP_ENTRY_TO_MODIFIER (i) & concrete_mods)
        {
          EggVirtualModifierType cleaned;

          cleaned = modmap->mapping[i] & ~(EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD2_MASK |
                                           EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD3_MASK |
                                           EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD4_MASK |
                                           EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD5_MASK);

          if (cleaned != 0)
            {
              virtual |= cleaned;
            }
          else
            {
              /* Rather than dropping mod2->mod5 if not bound,
               * go ahead and use the concrete names
               */
              virtual |= modmap->mapping[i];
            }
        }
    }

  *virtual_mods = virtual;
}

static void
reload_modmap (GdkKeymap *keymap,
               EggModmap *modmap)
{
  XModifierKeymap *xmodmap;
  int map_size;
  int i;

  /* FIXME multihead */
  xmodmap = XGetModifierMapping (gdk_x11_get_default_xdisplay ());

  memset (modmap->mapping, 0, sizeof (modmap->mapping));

  /* there are 8 modifiers in the order shift, shift lock,
   * control, mod1-5 with up to max_keypermod bindings each
   */
  map_size = 8 * xmodmap->max_keypermod;
  for (i = 3 * xmodmap->max_keypermod; i < map_size; ++i)
    {
      /* get the key code at this point in the map,
       * see if its keysym is one we're interested in
       */
      int keycode = xmodmap->modifiermap[i];
      GdkKeymapKey *keys;
      guint *keyvals;
      int n_entries;
      int j;
      EggVirtualModifierType mask;

      keys = NULL;
      keyvals = NULL;
      n_entries = 0;

      gdk_keymap_get_entries_for_keycode (keymap,
                                          keycode,
                                          &keys, &keyvals, &n_entries);

      mask = 0;
      for (j = 0; j < n_entries; ++j)
        {
          if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Num_Lock)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_NUM_LOCK_MASK;
          else if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Scroll_Lock)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SCROLL_LOCK_MASK;
          else if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Meta_L ||
                   keyvals[j] == GDK_Meta_R)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_META_MASK;
          else if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Hyper_L ||
                   keyvals[j] == GDK_Hyper_R)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_HYPER_MASK;
          else if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Super_L ||
                   keyvals[j] == GDK_Super_R)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SUPER_MASK;
          else if (keyvals[j] == GDK_Mode_switch)
            mask |= EGG_VIRTUAL_MODE_SWITCH_MASK;
        }

      /* Mod1Mask is 1 << 3 for example, i.e. the
       * fourth modifier, i / keyspermod is the modifier
       * index
       */
      modmap->mapping[i/xmodmap->max_keypermod] |= mask;

      g_free (keyvals);
      g_free (keys);
    }

  /* Add in the not-really-virtual fixed entries */
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_SHIFT] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_SHIFT_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_CONTROL] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_CONTROL_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_LOCK] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_LOCK_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD1] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_ALT_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD2] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD2_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD3] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD3_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD4] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD4_MASK;
  modmap->mapping[EGG_MODMAP_ENTRY_MOD5] |= EGG_VIRTUAL_MOD5_MASK;

  XFreeModifiermap (xmodmap);
}

const EggModmap*
egg_keymap_get_modmap (GdkKeymap *keymap)
{
  EggModmap *modmap;

  if (keymap == NULL)
    keymap = gdk_keymap_get_default ();

  /* This is all a hack, much simpler when we can just
   * modify GDK directly.
   */

  modmap = g_object_get_data (G_OBJECT (keymap), "egg-modmap");

  if (modmap == NULL)
    {
      modmap = g_new0 (EggModmap, 1);

      /* FIXME modify keymap change events with an event filter
       * and force a reload if we get one
       */

      reload_modmap (keymap, modmap);

      g_object_set_data_full (G_OBJECT (keymap),
                              "egg-modmap",
                              modmap,
                              g_free);
    }

  g_assert (modmap != NULL);

  return modmap;
}

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